The agricultural sector in Mauritius is very much dominated by sugar. The cultivation of sugar was introduced by the Dutch in the 17th century. Ever since, sugar and agriculture have been the backbone of the economy. Even today, in spite of tremendous efforts in industrialising the country, sugar remains an essential component of the economy. Though in terms of foreign earnings, it has been overtaken by both the export of wearing apparel and tourism, in terms of plus value and employment it is of the greatest importance.
The importance of sugar and other agricultural activities to the island can be gauged by the simple fact that around 49% of the island is covered with sugarcane fields and about 1-2 % is for other diverse agricultural activities.
source: MAURITIUS AND ITS ENVIRONMENT